From the start of agricultural cooperatives in Spain in the nineteenth century, their
purpose was to group all Spanish farmers and form an agricultural community; after the
arrival of the Second Republic, an attempt was made to give a great democratic boost to
cooperatives, as well as to women’s intervention in them, although their legislation was
very short-lived. After the Spanish Civil War, the Franco government purged the members
of the cooperatives, especially those who aided in these efforts, even social-Catholic
cooperatives. The arrival of democracy and the issuance of the Spanish Constitution of
December 27, 1978, gave way to the enactment of the Law of Cooperatives of 1999, thus
initiating the legal regime of cooperatives in Spain. The Autonomous Communities also
issued their own legislations, which promoted effective equality between men and women
within the scope of the cooperative system.
Keywords: agricultural cooperatives, equal rights, constitution, dissolution.
About the author: PhD in Law. Member of the Bar Association of Alzira, Valencia (Spain).
Received: August 1, 2018; reviewed: September 9, 2018; accepted: March 18, 2019.