Terminación del contrato de trabajo - Cartilla Laboral 2013 - Libros y Revistas - VLEX 426667366

Terminación del contrato de trabajo

Páginas:121-161
 
EXTRACTO GRATUITO
121
Capítulo 3
Terminación del
contrato de trabajo
7RGRFRQWUDWR GHWUDEDMR HV VXVFHSWLEOH GHVHU WHUPLQDGR SRU FXDOTXLHUD GHODV
SDUWHV SRU FRP~Q DFXHUGR HQWUH HOODV R SRU HO VXFHVR GH DOJXQDV VLWXDFLRQHV
FRQWHPSODGDVSRUODOH\
(ODUWtFXORGHO &yGLJR6XVWDQWLYRGHO7UDEDMRH[SUHVDOR VLJXLHQWHUHVSHFWRD
ODWHUPLQDFLyQGHOFRQWUDWRGHWUDEDMR
«Terminación del contrato(OFRQWUDWRGHWUDEDMRWHUPLQD
D3RUPXHUWHGHOWUDEDMDGRU
E3RUPXWXRFRQVHQWLPLHQWR
F3RUH[SLUDFLyQGHOSOD]R¿MRSDFWDGR
G3RUWHUPLQDFLyQGHODREUDRODERUFRQWUDWDGD
H3RUOLTXLGDFLyQRFODXVXUDGH¿QLWLYDGHODHPSUHVDRHVWDEOHFLPLHQWR
I3RUVXVSHQVLyQGH DFWLYLGDGHVSRUSDUWH GHOHPSOHDGRUGXUDQWH PiVGH
FLHQWRYHLQWHGtDV
J3RUVHQWHQFLDHMHFXWRULDGD
K3RUGHFLVLyQXQLODWHUDOHQORVFDVRVGH ORVDUWtFXORVGHO'/GH
\GHHVWD/H\
L3RUQRUHJUHVDU HOWUDEDMDGRUD VXHPSOHRDO GHVDSDUHFHUODVFDXVDV GH
ODVXVSHQVLyQGHOFRQWUDWR
(Q ORV FDVRV FRQWHPSODGRVHQ ORV OLWHUDOHVH \ I GHHVWH DUWtFXOR HO
HPSOHDGRUGHEHUi VROLFLWDU HO FRUUHVSRQGLHQWHSHUP LVRDO 0LQLVWHULR GHO
7UDEDMR\ 6HJXULGDG6RFLDO H LQIRUPDUSRU HVFULWR D VXVWUDEDMDGRUHV GH

Gerencie.com
CARTILLA LABORAL 2013
HVWH KHFKR (O 0LQLVWHULR GHO 7UDEDMR \ 6HJXULGDG 6RFLDO UHVROYHUi OR
UHODFLRQDGRFRQHOSHUPLVRHQXQSOD]RGHGRVPHVHV(OLQFXPSOLPLHQWR
LQMXVWL¿FDGRGH HVWH WpUPLQRKDUi LQFXUULU DO IXQFLRQDULRUHVSRQVDEOH HQ
FDXVDOGHPDODFRQGXFWDVDQFLRQDEOHFRQDUUHJOR DOUpJLPHQGLVFLSOLQDULR
YLJHQWHª
3DUDODWHUPLQDFLyQGHOFRQWUDWRGHWUDEDMRGHEHQH[LVWLUXQDVFDXVDVFRQWHPSODGDV
R QR HQ OD OH\(VWDV FDXVDV SXHGHQ VHU MXVWDV R QR \ GHSHQGLHQGR GH HOOR HO
WUDWDPLHQWRVHUiGLIHUHQWH
(QFRQVHFXHQFLDHOFRQWUDWRGHWUDEDMRSRGUiVHUWHUPLQDGRSRUXQDMXVWDFDXVDR
SRUXQDLQMXVWDFDXVDHYHQWRHQHOFXDOKDEUiOXJDUDXQDLQGHPQL]DFLyQ
Terminación del contrato de trabajo por justa causa
/DMXVWD FDXVD SXHGH H[LVWLU WDQWRSDUD OD HPSUHVD FRPR SDUDHO WUDEDMDGRU (O
DUWtFXOR GHO &yGLJR 6XVWDQWLYR GHO 7UDEDMRVH KD HQFDUJDGR GHUHJXODU HVWH
DVXQWR
«Terminación del contrato por causa justa6RQ MXVWDVFDXVDVSDUD GDU
SRUWHUPLQDGRXQLODWHUDOPHQWHHOFRQWUDWRGHWUDEDMR
A) Por parte del patrono:
(OKDEHUVXIULGRHQJDxRSRUSDUWHGHOWUDEDMDGRUPHGLDQWHODSUHVHQWDFLyQ
GHFHUWL¿FDGRVIDOVRVSDUDVXDGPLVLyQRWHQGLHQWHVDREWHQHUXQSURYHFKR
LQGHELGR
7RGRDFWRGHYLROHQFLDLQMXULDPDORVWUDWDPLHQWRVRJUDYHLQGLVFLSOLQD
HQTXHLQFXUUDHOWUDEDMDGRUHQVXVODERUHVFRQWUDHOSDWURQRORVPLHPEURV
GHVXIDPLOLDHOSHUVRQDOGLUHFWLYRRORVFRPSDxHURVGHWUDEDMR
7RGRDFWRJUDYHGHYLROHQFLDLQMXULDRPDORVWUDWDPLHQWRVHQTXHLQFXUUD
HOWUDEDMDGRUIXHUDGHOVHUYLFLRHQFRQWUDGHOSDWURQRGHORVPLHPEURVGH
VXIDPLOLD R GH VXVUHSUHVHQWDQWHV R VRFLRV MHIHVGH WDOOHU YLJLODQWHVR
FHODGRUHV
 7RGRGDxR PDWHULDO FDXVDGR LQWHQFLRQDOPHQWH D ORV HGL¿FLRV REUDV
PDTXLQDULDV\PDWHULDVSULPDVLQVWUXPHQWRV\GHPiVREMHWRVUHODFLRQDGRV
FRQHOWUDEDMR\WRGDJUDYHQHJOLJHQFLDTXHSRQJDHQSHOLJUR ODVHJXULGDG
GHODVSHUVRQDVRGHODVFRVDV
7RGRDFWR LQPRUDO R GHOLFWXRVRTXH HO WUDEDMDGRU FRPHWDHQ HO WDOOHU
HVWDEOHFLPLHQWRROXJDUGHOWUDEDMRRHQHOGHVHPSHxRGHVXVODERUHV
 &XDOTXLHU YLRODFLyQ JUDYH GH ODV REOLJDFLRQHV R SURKLELFLRQHV
HVSHFLDOHVTXHLQFXPEHQ DOWUDEDMDGRUGH DFXHUGRFRQORV DUWtFXORV\
GHO &yGLJR6XVWDQWLYR GHO7UDEDMRR FXDOTXLHUIDOWD JUDYHFDOL¿FDGD
FRPRWDOHQ SDFWRVRFRQYHQFLRQHVFROHF WLYDVIDOORVDUELWUDOHVFRQWUDWRV
LQGLYLGXDOHVRUHJODPHQWRV
 /D GHWHQFLyQ SUHYHQWLYD GHO WUDEDMDGRU SRU PiV GH WUHLQWD  GtDV
DPHQRV TXH SRVWHULRUPHQWH VHD DEVXHOWR R HO DUUHVWR FRUUHFFLRQDO TXH
H[FHGDGHRFKR GtDV RD~Q SRUWLHPSR PHQRUFXDQGROD FDXVDGH OD
123
3. Terminación del contrato de trabajo
VDQFLyQVHDVX¿FLHQWHSRUVtPLVPDSDUDMXVWL¿FDUODH[WLQFLyQGHOFRQWUDWR.
>0HGLDQWH 6HQWHQFLD & GHO  GH IHEUHUR GH  0DJLVWUDGR
3RQHQWH'U+HUQDQGR+HUUHUD9HUJDUDOD&RUWH&RQVWLWXFLRQDOVHGHFODUy
inhibidaGHIDOODUVREUHHODSDUWHVXEUD\DGR@
(O TXHHO WUDEDMDGRUUHYHOH ORV VHFUHWRVWpFQLFRV RFRPHUFLDOHV R GpD
FRQRFHUDVXQWRVGHFDUiFWHUUHVHUYDGRFRQSHUMXLFLRGHODHPSUHVD
(OGH¿FLHQWHUHQGLPLHQWRHQHOWUDEDMRHQUHODFLyQFRQODFDSDFLGDGGHO
WUDEDMDGRU\FRQHOUHQGLPLHQWRSURPHGLRHQODERUHVDQiORJDVFXDQGRQR
VHFRUULMDHQXQSOD]RUD]RQDEOHDSHVDUGHOUHTXHULPLHQWRGHOSDWURQR
/DVLVWHPiWLFDLQHMHFXFLyQVLQUD]RQHVYiOLGDVSRUSDUWHGHOWUDEDMDGRU
GHODVREOLJDFLRQHVFRQYHQFLRQDOHVROHJDOHV
 7RGR YLFLR GHO WUDEDMDGRU TXH SHUWXUEH OD GLVFLSOLQD GHO
HVWDEOHFLPLHQWR
 /D UHQXHQFLD VLVWHPiWLFD GHO WUDEDMDGRU D DFHSWDU ODV PHGLGDV
SUHYHQWLYDVSUR¿OiFWLFDVRFXUDWLYDVSUHVFULWDVSRUHOPpGLFRGHOSDWURQR
RSRUODVDXWRULGDGHVSDUDHYLWDUHQIHUPHGDGHVRDFFLGHQWHV
/DLQHSWLWXGGHOWUDEDMDGRUSDUDUHDOL]DUODODERUHQFRPHQGDGD
(OUHFRQRFLPLHQWRDOWUDEDMDGRUGHODSHQVLyQGHMXELODFLyQRLQYDOLGH]
HVWDQGRDOVHUYLFLRGHODHPSUHVD\
 /D HQIHUPHGDG FRQWDJLRVD R FUyQLFD GHO WUDEDMDGRU TXH QR WHQJD
FDUiFWHUGHSURIHVLRQDODVtFRPRFXDOTXLHUDRWUDHQIHUPHGDGROHVLyQTXH
ORLQFDSDFLWHSDUD HOWUDEDMRFX\D FXUDFLyQQR KD\DVLGRSRVLEOH GXUDQWH
FLHQWRRFKHQWDGtDV(OGHVSLGRSRUHVWDFDXVDQR SRGUiHIHFWXDUVHVLQRDO
YHQFLPLHQWRGH GLFKRODSVR \ QRH[LPH DO SDWURQRGH ODVSUHVWDFLRQHV H
LQGHPQL]DFLRQHVOHJDOHV\FRQYHQFLRQDOHVGHULYDGDVGHODHQIHUPHGDG
(QORVFDVRVGHORVQXPHUDOHV DGHHVWHDUWtFXORSDUD ODWHUPLQDFLyQ
GHOFRQWUDWRHOSDWURQRGHEHUiGDUDYLVRDOWUDEDMDGRUFRQDQWLFLSDFLyQQR
PHQRUGHTXLQFHGtDV
B) Por parte del trabajador:
(OKDEHUVXIULGRHQJDxRSRUSDUWHGHOSDWURQRUHVSHFWRGHODVFRQGLFLRQHV
GHWUDEDMR
7RGRDFWRGHYLROHQFLDPDORVWUDWDPLHQWRVRDPHQD]DVJUDYHVLQIHULGDV
SRUHO SDWURQRFRQWUD HOWUDEDMDGRU RORV PLHPEURVGH VX IDPLOLDGHQWUR
R IXHUD GHO VHUYLFLR R LQIHULGDV GHQWUR GHO VHUYLFLR SRU ORV SDULHQWHV
UHSUHVHQWDQWHV R GHSHQGLHQWHV GHO SDWURQR FRQ HO FRQVHQWLPLHQWR R OD
WROHUDQFLDGHpVWH
 &XDOTXLHU DFWR GHO SDWURQR R GH VXV UHSUHVHQWDQWHV TXH LQGX]FD DO
WUDEDMDGRUDFRPHWHUXQDFWRLOtFLWRRFRQWUDULRDVXVFRQYHQFLRQHVSROtWLFDV
o religiosas.
7RGDVODVFLUFXQVWDQFLDVTXHHOWUDEDMDGRUQRSXHGDSUHYHUDOFHOHEUDUHO
FRQWUDWR\TXHSRQJDQ HQSHOLJURVXVDOXG \TXHHO SDWURQRQRVHDOODQH
DPRGL¿FDU
7RGRSHUMXLFLRFDXVDGRPDOLFLRVDPHQWHSRUHOSDWURQRDO WUDEDMDGRUHQ
ODSUHVWDFLyQGHOVHUYLFLR
(OLQFXPSOLPLHQWRVLVWHPiWLFRVLQUD]RQHVYiOLGDVSRUSDUWHGHOSDWURQR
GHVXVREOLJDFLRQHVFRQYHQFLRQDOHVROHJDOHV
/DH[LJHQFLDGHOSDWURQRVLQUD]RQHVYiOLGDVGHODSUHVWDFLyQGHXQVHUYLFLR
GLVWLQWRRHQOXJDUHVGLYHUVRVGHDTXpOSDUDHOFXDOVHOHFRQWUDWy\

Para continuar leyendo

SOLICITA TU PRUEBA