Constitutional changes in the andes - Núm. 13-2016, Enero 2016 - Universitas Estudiantes - Libros y Revistas - VLEX 705600649

Constitutional changes in the andes

Autor:María Gracia Naranjo Ponce
Cargo:Estudiante de Jurisprudencia y Relaciones Internacionales en la Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador
Páginas:139-154
RESUMEN

In order to be effective, Constitutions are expected to be longlasting and stable, but definitely not immutable; they require certain modifications over time to respond to new social and political circumstances. In the Andean countries, however, constitutional modification has been the rule, and durability the exception. Besides the practical implications of these constant changes, the phenomenon ... (ver resumen completo)

 
EXTRACTO GRATUITO
Univ. Estud. Bogotá (Colombia) N° 13: 139-154, enero-junio 2016
CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGES IN THE ANDES
María Gracia NaraNjo PoNce*
ABSTRACT
In order to be effective, Constitutions are expected to be long-
lasting and stable, but definitely not immutable; they require certain
modifications over time to respond to new social and political
circumstances. In the Andean countries, however, constitutional
modification has been the rule, and durability the exception.
Besides the practical implications of these constant changes, the
phenomenon has aroused interest among political scientists and
legal scholars. The vast literature on constitutional writing has
developed several theories on the motives of constitutional change,
but the recent and frequent constitutional changes in the Andean
region have presented a challenge to the existing theoretical
developments. This literature review seeks to identify how different
authors have read and understood the frequent constitutional
changes in the Andes, and explain the strengths and weaknesses of
their theories.
Key words: Constitutions, theories on constitutional reform,
constitutional modification, constitutional rigidity, constitutional
flexibility.
Fecha de recepción: 31 de Marzo de 2016
Fecha de aceptación : 9 de Junio de 2016
* Estudiante de Jurisprudencia y Relaciones Internacionales en la Universidad San Francisco de
Quito, Ecuador. mnaranjo2@estud.usfq.edu.ec
ISSN 1794-5216
140 MARÍA GRACIA NARANJO PONCE
Univ. Estud. Bogotá (Colombia) N° 13: 139-154, enero-junio 2016
LOS CAMBIOS CONSTITUCIONALES EN
LA REGIÓN ANDINA
RESUMEN:
Para garantizar su efectividad, se espera que las Constituciones
sean duraderas y estables, pero no inmutables; requieren de
ciertas modificaciones para responder las nuevas circunstancias
políticas y sociales. En los países Andinos, sin embargo, la
modificación de las constituciones ha sido la regla, mientras que
la durabilidad ha sido la excepción. Además de las implicaciones
prácticas que estos cambios constantes generan, el fenómeno ha
generado interés entre académicos. La vasta literatura acerca de
la escritura de constituciones ha desarrollado una serie de teorías
acerca de los motivos para el cambio constitucional, sin embargo,
se ha enfrentado a un reto al momento de analizar los cambios
constitucionales en los Andes. Esta revisión de literatura busca
identificar de qué manera han sido leídos los frecuentes cambios
constitucionales en los países andinos en la literatura que versa
sobre la materia, y explicar las fortalezas y debilidades de las
teorías planteadas.
Palabras clave: Constituciones, teorías sobre las reformas
constitucionales, reformas constitucionales, rigidez constitucional,
flexibilidad constitucional
1. OVERVIEW
Constitutions, as documents that “contain a set of rules which aim at regulating
the channels of access to principal government positions, the allocation of powers
among different branches of government, and the rights of citizens”1, determine
the basic structure of the state and the political regime and set the rules of the game
for the politics of a country. Therefore, in order to be effective, constitutions are
expected to be long-lasting, durable and stable, but not immutable. Constitutions
require certain modifications over time to respond to new social and political
circumstances that emerge in different nation-states. In Latin America, however,
constitutional modification and replacement has been the rule, and stability and
durability the exception. “A total of 194 constitutions have been enacted in this
1 Gabriel L. Negretto. (2013). Making Constitutions: Presidents, Parties, and Institutional Choice
in Latin America. Cambridge University Press. P. 1

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