NOVUM JUS • ISSN: 1692-6013 • E-ISSN: 2500-8692 • Volumen 13 N
. 2 • Julio - Diciembre 2019 • Págs. 229-230
THE PROBLEM OF BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS AND THE
TRANSMISSION OF HIV
OLENKA WOOLCOTT OYAGUE, TANIA GIOVANNA VIVAS BARRERA,
TARY CUYANA GARZÓN LANDÍNEZ
UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DE COLOMBIA, 2017.
The book presents reﬂections and proposals on a current problem in the ﬁeld of
health sciences, namely blood transfusions, the liquid element and its impact in
difﬁcult contexts such as the armed conﬂict; it also describes existing solutions,
their shortcomings, and proposals presented by the authors themselves against the
adverse effects of the medical act, both from a private and a public perspective.
It is based on the recognition that blood has an intrinsically risky quality and its
manipulation might have negative consequences. It underlines the high probability
of transmission of diseases through blood transfusions, due to a series of factors,
including a lack of state control over entities that perform this type of procedure and
non-compliance with parameters established by international health organizations,
such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health
Organization (PAHO). These organizations have provided global guidelines to ensure
an effective and correct treatment of blood transfusions worldwide, including the
process of extraction, veriﬁcation, treatment, storage, and distribution, in order to
guarantee quality and ﬂuid safety.
Despite current efforts of monitoring and screening, it is not possible to guarantee
100% that there is no risk of contagion of diseases such as Hepatitis B (HBV),
Hepatitis C (HCV), and HIV, due to low compliance with international standards in
several countries, as indicated in studies carried out by the PAHO. For example, the
results provided by the entity show that in countries of the Andean region—Bolivia,
Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela—, although there are regulations
in force, they are not sufﬁcient nor respected.